deduction of accrued time
Can a vacation policy include deduction of accrued time off as a disciplinary measure?
I am not sure I can respond to your question accurately without more context. For example, are you an employer looking at developing a vacation policy? Or, are you an employee who has been disciplined? Or, are you simply curious about vacation policies in general?
There is no labor law that requires a business to provide vacation. It’s typically a best practice, however, and can aid in employee retention. As such, it’s not a great idea to use it as a penalty. However, employers may choose to grant vacation as they wish as long as all employees are treated fairly and there’s no discrimination. Most employers document their vacation (time off) policies in their employee handbook, including rules for requesting time off, use, accruals, etc.
Here is an article on the best practices for creating a vacation policy.